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Eritrea plans sea port as peace with Ethiopia excites investors

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Eritrea is considering building a port on its Red Sea coastline to export potash from deposits being developed in the Horn of Africa nation, a mines ministry official said.

Plans for the harbor signal the country’s reemergence as a potential investor destination after its surprise rapprochement with neighboring Ethiopia last month ended two decades of political tensions. The facility could be used to ship potash from Ethiopia and adds to a series of port developments in the strategically located region by nations including Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan and the self-declared Republic of Somaliland.

The port would be situated at the Bay of Anfile, 75 kilometers (47 miles) east of the 1.2 billion-metric-ton Colluli potash deposit, Alem Kibreab, director-general of mines in the Ministry of Energy and Mines, said in an interview in the capital, Asmara. A feasibility study is under way to decide on the specific site, with the start of construction envisaged about five years after a mine starts operating there, he said.

“To begin, the company has to make money,” Alem said.

Read Also: Tanzania, Uganda deepen economic ties with deal for supply of gas

The mine will be operated by Colluli Mining Share Co., jointly owned by Danakali Ltd. of Australia and the state-owned Eritrean National Mining Co. Colluli contains deposits of high-grade fertilizers suitable for use on fruit and coffee trees and vegetables, according to Danakali’s website. It’s situated in the Danakil Depression, a geological area that stretches into Ethiopia and is regarded as an “emerging potash province,” the company said.

Danakali expects construction of the $320 million mine to start later this year, Chairman Seamus Cornelius said by phone from London. The company is engaging bankers to secure funding for construction of the mine, he said.

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AFDB approves $1.5 billion emergency food fund for 20 million African farmers

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In what is considered a swift reaction to looming food insecurity in the continent, the African Development Bank has approved a $1.5 billion emergency food production facility for 20 million African farmers.

Disruption of food supplies keeps arising as one of the many fall-outs of the Russia/Ukraine war. Thereby, Africa faces a shortage of at least 30 million metric tons of food, especially wheat, maize, and soybeans imported from both countries.

As a result of the war-caused challenge, African farmers urgently need high-quality seeds and inputs before the planting season begins in May to immediately boost food supplies.

In an official announcement on its website, the AFB says its $1.5 billion African Emergency Food Production Facility is an unprecedented comprehensive initiative to support smallholder farmers in filling the food shortfall.”

African Development Bank Group President Dr. Akinwumi Adesina said: “Food aid cannot feed Africa. Africa does not need bowls in hand. Africa needs seeds in the ground, and mechanical harvesters to harvest bountiful food produced locally. Africa will feed itself with pride for there is no dignity in begging for food…”

The price of wheat has soared in Africa by over 45% since the war in Ukraine began. Fertilizer prices have gone up by 300%, and the continent faces a fertilizer shortage of 2 million metric tons. Many African countries have already seen price hikes in bread and other food items. If this deficit is not made up, food production in Africa will decline by at least 20% and the continent could lose over $11 billion in food production value.

The Russia/Ukraine war has contributed to global food shortage with the two countries accounting for a significant amount of certain food supply globally, especially wheat.

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Zimbabwean farmers get ‘whiff’ of cannabis boom as President commissions $27m Indian hemp processing plant

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Indian hemp farmers in Zimbabwe are in for a huge financial boost following the commissioning of a $27 million medical cannabis farm and processing plant set up by Swiss Biocieuticals Limited in conjunction with the government.

The state-of-the-art medicinal cannabis processing plant commissioned last by President Emmerson Mnangagwa in the country’s western province of Mount Hampden, is aimed at stimulating bio-medical solutions and pharmaceutical products for both local and international markets.

While commissioning the plant, the President said it was important for “investors to quickly operationalise their permits and licences for the benefit of the economy in general and people in particular, in line with Government’s set national targets and the desire to have an upper middle income economy by 2030.”

The development, Mnangagwa said,
dovetails into his ‘Zimbabwe is Open for Business’ mantra, is expected to enhance foreign currency generation for the country.

“I challenge other players within the medicinal cannabis sub-sector to speedily set up their enterprises, with focus on value addition and beneficiation.

“It is disappointing that since 2018, only 15 out of the 57 entities issued with cannabis operating licences are operational.

“Such licences should not be held for speculative purposes and those not using them risk Government invoking the ‘use-it or lose-it principle’.

“All licences, permits, claims and other such instruments issued to investors must entail that national assets and resources are used for the benefit of our economy and ultimately improving the quality of life of our people,” President Mnangagwa said.

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Ghana begins bulk purchase of gold to strengthen its currency, Cedi

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As part of its many initiatives to rescue the country’s dwindling economy, the government of Ghana has started a bulk purchase programme to buy gold locally to raise the gold component of its reserves.

The programme was announced on Tuesday by the Central Bank Governor, Ernest Addison who revealed the move is in a bid to strengthen the cedi currency without increasing inflation.

“We have started a bulk purchase program, domestic, where we buy gold locally and try to raise the gold component in our level of reserves. This is where the current focus is,” Addison said at a conference.

Ghana’s economic setback after the Covid-19 pandemic. According to the World Bank, Ghana’s rapid growth was halted by the COVID-19 pandemic, the March 2020 lockdown, and a sharp decline in commodity exports. The economy had grown at an average of 7 percent in 2017-19, before experiencing a sharp contraction in the second and third quarters of 2020.

Statista reports that gold reserves in Ghana stood at a volume of 8.74 metric tons from the first quarter of 2015 to the third quarter of 2021. Moreover, gold mine production in the country reached a volume of 150 metric tons in 2020, an increase compared to the previous year. Ghana did not suspend its production of gold in 2020 amid the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

Gold is Ghana’s top-earning source, it is, therefore, understandable why the country chooses to increase its reserve amidst the current economic downtime. In 2020, the government of Ghana accumulated income from gold that reached approximately 7.2 billion U.S. dollars. Compared to other minerals, gold generates the highest revenue in the country.

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